"U.S. involvement in Somalia has a long history and reached a climax in the early 1990s, when the U.S.-supported military dictatorship of Siad Barre was overthrown, plunging the nation into civil war.
Thanks to Somalia's strategic location for global oil markets at the mouth of the Red Sea, the U.S. became involved. Somalia remained in a state of anarchy for 16 years until a coalition of Islamic courts took over the capital in 2006. However, this government was soon overthrown by Ethiopia with U.S. support.
Current U.S. anti-terrorism policy in Somalia, which includes the use of airstrikes, has been blamed for worsening the nation's conflict and its burgeoning humanitarian crisis, having driven the nation into famine."

Whitney Webb


Somalia was invaded by mercenaries ffrom Ethiopia, trained, financed, armed and directed by US military advisers.
... More than one million people have been made internal refugees, and 3.5 million people, half of Somalia's population, are facing famine. Fighting has turned Mogadishu into a ghost town. About 700,000 people have fled - out of a population of up to 1.5 million.

James Petras, 2007


"Four U.S. oil companies are quietly sitting on a prospective fortune in exclusive concessions to explore and exploit tens-of-millions of acres of the Somali countryside ... nearly two-thirds of Somalia was allocated to American oil giants Conoco, Amoco, Chevron and Phillips in the final years before Somalia's pro-U.S. president Mohammed Said Barre' was overthrown. But, the Bush Administration and the State Department insist that the U.S. military mission in Somalia is strictly humanitarian. "

Michael Parenti, 1993


"Many European, US and Asian shipping firms signed dumping deals in the early 1990s with Somalia's politicians and militia leaders. This meant they could use the coast as a toxic dumping ground. This practice became widespread as the country descended into civil war. European companies found it was very cheap to get rid of the waste."

Mike Whitney


"The Ethiopian invasion of Somalia, which was sanctioned by the US government, has destroyed virtually all the life-sustaining economic systems which the population has built for the last fifteen years."

Abdi Samatar, professor of Global Studies at the University of Minnesota


"One piracy was foreign fishing piracy by foreign trawlers and vessels, who at the same time were dumping industrial waste, toxic waste and, it also has been reported, nuclear waste.
The other piracy is the shipping piracy. When the marine resources of Somalia were pillaged, when the waters were poisoned, when the fish was stolen. The fishermen felt that they had no other possibilities or other recourse but to fight the properties and the shipping of the same countries that have been carrying on the fishing piracy and toxic dumping.
Toxic dumping, industrial waste dumping, nuclear dumping occured in Somali waters in the '70s, in the '80s, in the '90s - companies wanted to get rid of waste because of very strict environmental rules in their countries. So these wastes have been carried to Somalia.
The world knows, but it doesn't do anything about it."

Mohamed Abshir Waldo - a consultant and analyst is Kenyan of Somali origin


"In 1991, the government of Somalia collapsed. Its nine million people have been teetering on starvation ever since - and the ugliest forces in the Western world have seen this as a great opportunity to steal the country's food supply and dump our nuclear waste in their seas."

Johann Hari, Independent UK, 2009


"The ICU [Islamic Courts Union] was a relatively honest administration, which ended warlord corruption and extortion in Somalia. Personal safety and property were protected, ending arbitrary seizures and kidnappings by warlords and their armed thugs. The ICU is a broad multi-tendency movement that includes moderates and radical Islamists, civilian politicians and armed fighters, liberals and populists, electoralists and authoritarians. Most important, the Courts succeeded in unifying the country and creating some semblance of nationhood, overcoming clan fragmentation."

James Petras, 2008


"Somebody is dumping nuclear material off the coast of Somalia. There is also lead, and heavy metals such as cadmium and mercury. Much of it can be traced back to European hospitals and factories, who seem to be passing it on to the Italian mafia to "dispose" of cheaply."

Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah, the UN envoy to Somalia


"The Islamic Courts that brought six months of peace in Somalia, a semblance of peace, the best Somalis have seen since the civil war has started, were toppled by the Ethiopian government, the Ethiopian troops, with the help of Bush administration."

Sadia Ali Aden, Somali American writer and human rights activist


"George W Bush backed Ethiopia in an invasion of Somalia, basically an Ethiopian-US invasion of Somalia. Now Obama is pumping in new arms, new weapons, into the midst of the killing and chaos there. The already disastrous level of hunger and starvation is increasing. Obama's body count probably exceeds that of Bush."

Allan Nairn, 2010


"In 2006, the Bush Administration pushed Ethiopia to invade Somalia with an eye on crushing the Union of Islamic Courts," which is exactly what happened, and Somalia has been a 'failed state' mired in civil war ever since."

Andrew Gavin Marshall, 2011


"The estimate of the true number of people killed in Somalia since 2006 must be somewhere between 500,000 and 850,000, with most likely about 650,000 violent deaths."

Nicolas JS Davies, 2018


"Somalia on the Horn of Africa was invaded by US forces in the early 1990s and for the past three decades has been destabilized by relentless American military aggression from naval, air and drone strikes in a so-called 'war on terror'."

Finian Cunningham


"The Somalia piracy is a symptom; it's not the disease. The piracy is resulted from illegal fishing and toxic waste dumping, nuclear waste dumping. And what the international community needs to do is introduce a resolution banning all these nations to stop the illegal fishing and the illegal toxic waste dumping in Somalia."

Sadia Ali Aden, Somali American writer and human rights activist


"The piracy that has exploded in the waters off of Somalia are a result of the massive toxic waste dumping and over-fishing done by European and American and other major shipping lines, and have served as an excuse for the militarization of the waters."

Andrew Gavin Marshall, 2011


"European ships have been looting Somalia's seas of their greatest resource: seafood. We have destroyed our own fish stocks in Europe by overexploitation - and now we have moved on to theirs. More than $300million-worth of tuna, shrimp, and lobster are being stolen every year by illegal trawlers. The local fishermen are now starving."

Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah, the UN envoy to Somalia



"In April 2005 Sudan's government announced it had found oil in South Darfur, a major geopolitical event which major US and European media "forgot" to mention when discussing the sudden new "Darfur conflict."
Washington, using US Secretary of State Colin Powell, an African-American, to deliver the message, began accusing the Khartoum regime of "genocide" in Darfur, though no independent proof was given. Only Washington and the NGO's close to it used the term "genocide" to describe Darfur. If they could get a popular acceptance of the charge of genocide, it opened the possibility for drastic "regime change" interventions by NATO and by Washington in Sudan's sovereign affairs. The Washington Darfur smear campaign soon enlisted Hollywood stars like George Clooney in this effort. Washington and NATO launched a campaign to argue for a de facto NATO occupation of the region.
In 2004, Chad's dictator Idriss Deby launched the initial strike that set off the conflict in Darfur, using members of his elite Presidential Guard who originate from the province. He provided all-terrain vehicles, arms and anti-aircraft guns to Darfur rebels fighting the Khartoum government in southwest Sudan. The US military support to Deby was the trigger for the Darfur bloodbath. Khartoum reacted and the ensuing tragic debacle was unleashed in full force.
... In 2011 a new "republic" was declared in southern Sudan titled The Republic of South Sudan. It (conveniently for the Pentagon) controlled a major part of Sudan's oil flows to China."

F. William Engdahl, 2014


"The U.S. pushed South Sudan to secede from Sudan in 2011, as South Sudan held 75 percent of Sudan's oil reserves - the largest oil reserves in all of Africa. Analysts argued that the U.S. sought to create an independent South Sudan in order to dislodge Chinese claims to Sudanese oil, as the Chinese had previously signed oil contracts with the (now Northern) Sudanese government.
Just two years later, however, South Sudan dissolved into a deadly civil war that has killed tens of thousands and displaced more than 1.5 million."

Whitney Webb , 2017


"US policy was instrumental in the break-up of Sudan into Northern and Southern states in 2011-2012. That, in turn, has wrecked the economies of both states and fomented conflicts, leading to massive displacement of communities.
It can never be underestimated the extent of underdevelopment that Africa has been historically hobbled with from American and European colonial and neocolonial economic exploitation."

Finian Cunningham


"Failing in its attempt to pressure Sudan to break its ties with China, Washington turned its guns on Khartoum directly. They launched a massive campaign to save Darfur.
... Washington and its NGOs chargeed Khartoum with genocide, as a pretext for bringing UN/NATO troops into the oil fields of Darfur and southern Sudan. Oil, not human misery, was behind Washington's new interest in Darfur."

F. William Engdahl



"In Syria, by 2017, after more than six years, the war had created untold destruction of Syria's cities, deaths into many hundreds of thousands, more than 6 million internally displaced within Syria, and almost 5 million refugees outside of Syria, in Turkey, and across the EU."

F. William Engdahl


"The National Security Establishment created the Syrian crisis as part of a long term strategy to defend Israel and help effectuate its racist, expansionist policies, while gobbling up the region's resources and countering Russian influence."

Douglas Valentine, 2017


"In 2009, Bashar Assad announced that he would refuse to sign an agreement to allow a Qatar/Turkey pipeline to run through Syria.
Assad further enraged the Gulf's Sunni monarchs by endorsing a Russian-approved pipeline running from Iran's side of the gas field through Syria and to the ports of Lebanon. This pipeline would make Shiite Iran, not Sunni Qatar, the principal supplier to the European energy market and dramatically increase Tehran's influence in the Middle East and the world.
... Secret cables and reports by the U.S., Saudi and Israeli intelligence agencies indicate that the moment Assad rejected the Qatari pipeline, military and intelligence planners quickly arrived at the consensus that fomenting a Sunni uprising in Syria to overthrow the uncooperative Bashar Assad was a feasible path to achieving the shared objective of completing the Qatar/Turkey gas link. In 2009, soon after Bashar Assad rejected the Qatar pipeline, the CIA began funding opposition groups in Syria."

Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., 2016


"In Yemen the U.S. and France are helping Saudi Arabia in its massive air war against Houthi Shi'ites. And it's the case in Syria, the scene of the most destructive war game of them all, where Saudi Arabia and other Arab Gulf states are channeling money and arms to Al Qaeda, the Islamic State (also known as ISIS, ISIL and Daesh), and similar forces with the full knowledge of the U.S."

Daniel Lazare , 2015


"[The Syrian conflict as a war for control of the region's resources with] the west, Gulf countries and Turkey supporting Assad's opposition, while Russia, China and Iran support the regime.
If the situation unravels, there is the possibility of establishing a declared or undeclared Salafist principality in eastern Syria, and this is exactly what the supporting powers to the opposition want in order to isolate the Syrian regime."

a study by the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency - August 12, 2012


"Two members of the Turkish parliament, high-level American sources and others admitted that the Turkish government - a NATO country - carried out the chemical weapons attacks in Syria and falsely blamed them on the Syrian government; and high-ranking Turkish government admitted on tape plans to carry out attacks and blame it on the Syrian government."

Washington's Blog March 30, 2016


"The reason ISIS is in Iraq and Syria is that the US equipped ISIS and sent ISIS to overthrow Assad when the British Parliament and the Russian government blocked Obama's planned invasion of Syria. ISIS is Washington's creation, just as is Al Qaeda."

Paul Craig Roberts, 2017


"Syria has been in the throes of a U.S.-led regime change effort for the better part of six years - a conflict that has ravaged one of the most prosperous nations in the Middle East and turned it into the latest battleground for a proxy war between the U.S. and Russia.
Since the 2011 "uprising," the U.S. has continuously funded and armed opposition groups in Syria along with several extremist groups, many of which have since joined terrorist organizations like Daesh (ISIS) and the al-Nusra Front."

Whitney Webb , 2017


"It is estimated that at least 1.5 million people have been killed so far in Syria."

Nicolas JS Davies, 2018


"The Syrian White Helmets, a so-called "first emergency responder" NGO, was a fake. It was created by an ex-British military intelligence officer and financed by the US government via the CIA-tied United States Agency for International Development (USAID). White Helmets operators were repeatedly exposed filming fake videos of sarin poison gas victims, all aimed to build a case for war crimes and genocide against al-Assad."

F. William Engdahl


"The American war against Syria and its covert actions against Iran are part of a larger strategy to weaken and encircle Russia.
... The goal of the American elite is to make Syria, and then Iran, and then Russia join the ranks of Korea, Vietnam, Afghanistan, Libya and Iraq. The plan is to smash it into ethnic and religious lines, and to fuel fighting between these groups for many years."

Douglas Valentine, 2017


"The primarily UK Foreign Office-funded White Helmets, since their creation in 2013, is a faux first-responder organisation, established in Turkey and trained by an ex-British military mercenary.
... The majority of Syrians living in the heavily populated areas of Syria have never heard of the White Helmets.
... The White Helmets are one of the biggest propaganda heists ever seen in recent colonialist history. To suggest this organisation is "unarmed and neutral" is fraudulent. To suggest they are humanitarian is inaccurate and misleading as their videos demonstrate minimal paramedic expertise and maximum cinematic exploitation. They are a rag tag collection of armed fighters, co-opted into the terrorist and extremist gangs that are occupying areas of Syria and persecuting the civilians of those areas.
... The real Syria Civil Defence has none of the funding of the their US, British, NATO intelligence shadow state counterpart, but they have ten thousand times the integrity. They are recognised and respected by the Syrian people as the ones they call when they are in trouble. They are the officially recognised Syria civil defence that has received accolades for its global humanitarian excellence. In Syria, they are irreplaceable, despite the best efforts of the US, British, NATO and Gulf state organised crime syndicate."

Vanessa Beeley, 2017



"Documents written by the CIA clearly show knowledge of the detailed plans for the coup against Hugo Chávez in 2002. Financial and advisory agencies like the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), the International Republican Institute (IRI), the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) financed all the groups, NGOs, trade unions, businesspeople, political parties and the media involved in the coup."

Eva Golinger, 2008


"The Venezuelan opposition has orchestrated economic sabotage, corporate smuggling, black market currency manipulations, full scale hoarding of food and essential products. They have closed highways, burned public buildings, have dropped grenades from a helicopter on to the Supreme Court offices, have assaulted, lynched and even burned alive young men of dark skin "who looked Chavista". This is a violent opposition steeped in racism and classism against their own people and in the service of foreign powers and big oil."

Maria Páez Victor and Edu Montesanti, 2017


"The Empire is afraid that the people of the United States will find out the truth. that a Bolivarian movement, or a Lincoln movement, or a movement of conscious citizens could erupt in their own country and transform the system."

Hugo Chavez


"The U.S. wants to overthrow President Hugo Chavez to put Venezuela in line with their other clients in Latin America and knock down the only government that offers an alternative foreign policy for the whole region. They don't want that alternative present.
That's why this coup was planned, directed, and financed by the Bush administration. It wasn't just the CIA. The assistant secretary of state for Western hemisphere affairs was involved - I'm talking about the Cuban terrorist exile Otto Reich. I'm talking about people like Elliot Abrams, who was in the Reagan administration and involved in justifying the killings in Central America, which amounted to 300,000 deaths. I'm talking about John Negroponte, the U.S. ambassador to the UN, who was involved with the death squads in Honduras.
You have thugs running U.S. policy in Latin America, who are capable not only of overthrowing a government but engaging in the kind of violent repression that was launched in those 24 hours of the coup against Hugo Chavez."

James Petras interview, 2002


"Hugo Chavez re-founded his country, freed it from colonial domination, thrust the invisible poor permanently into the national spotlight, redistributed oil revenues to benefit the Venezuelan majority, sharply reduced illiteracy and poverty, radically improved public health, raised pensions and the minimum wage, mandated pay for housework, established health clinics, schools, cooperatives and popular councils throughout the country, all this while making the stagnant Venezuelan economy grow. He strengthened the hand of the oil-producing countries against the international oil oligarchs, derailed Washington's "free trade" market of the Americas (substituting an alternative economic integration model based on mutual aid), and laid the foundation for a new brand of socialism in the 21st century when most people were loathe to even mention socialism."

Michael K. Smith


"Of the 92 elections that we've monitored, I would say that the election process in Venezuela is the best in the world."

former President Jimmy Carter, 2012


"In Venezuela, voters touch a computer screen to cast their vote and then receive a paper receipt, which they verify and deposit in a ballot box. Most of the paper ballots are compared with the electronic tally. This system makes vote-rigging nearly impossible: to steal the vote would require hacking the computers and then stuffing the ballot boxes to match the rigged vote."

Mark Weisbrot, 2012


"The funding of political groups in Venezuela, and others throughout Latin America that promote US agenda, has increased since the April 2002 coup against President Chávez. Through two principal Department of State agencies, USAID and the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), the US government has channeled more than $50 million to opposition groups in Venezuela since 2002. The USAID/NED budget to fund groups in Venezuela in 2010 is nearly $15 million, doubled from last year's $7 million. This is a state policy of Washington, which the Obama Administration plans to amp up. They call it "democracy promotion", but it's really democracy subversion and destabilization... Through USAID and NED, and their "partner NGOs" and contractors, such as Freedom House, International Republican Institute, National Democratic Institute, Pan-American Development Foundation and Development Alternatives, Inc., hundreds of political groups, parties and programs are presently being funded in Venezuela to promote regime change against the Chávez government."

Eva Golinger interviewed by Mike Whitney, 2009


"When the Venezuelan president, Hugo Chavez, tried to take more direct policy control of the Venezuelan state oil company, the Bush administration attempted a covert coup."

William Engdahl in his book "A Century of War"


"In Venezuela voter registration is now at 97%."

Mark Weisbrot, 2012


"Washington wants to get rid of the Venezuelan government because it is independent of US designs for the region and because Venezuela has the greatest proven oil reserves in the world and uses its oil revenue to improve the quality of ordinary lives. Venezuela remains a source of inspiration for social reform in a continent ravaged by an historically rapacious U.S.."

John Pilger


"The Venezuelan Bolivarian Revolution and its commitment to the poor as the most important movement on the planet. [Hugo] Chavez fully embraces the values that inspired by [Martin Luther] King to help the poor and marginalized. Corporate media will continue to distort and misrepresent what is going on there, as it will with respect to every non-capitalist, cooperative effort."

William F. Pepper in his book "An Act of State: the Execution of Martin Luther King"


"Living standards of the majority of Venezuelans have dramatically improved under [Hugo] Chávez. Since 2004, when the government gained control over the oil industry and the economy had recovered from the devastating, extra-legal attempts to overthrow it (including the 2002 US-backed military coup and oil strike of 2002-2003), poverty has been cut in half and extreme poverty by 70%. And this measures only cash income. Millions have access to healthcare for the first time, and college enrolment has doubled, with free tuition for many students. Inequality has also been considerably reduced. By contrast, the two decades that preceded Chávez amount to one of the worst economic failures in Latin America, with real income per person actually falling by 14% between 1980 and 1998."

Mark Weisbrot, 2012


"The Venezuelan government has a [distinct] set of measurements to determine true poverty including: access to education, access to clean drinking water, access to adequate housing, and other factors. In Venezuela, poverty is not a measure of income, but of quality of life."

Eric Draitser, 2013


"Hugo Chavez more than anyone drawing a breath, carries on and expands [Martin Luther] King's struggle on behalf of the wretched of the earth. He is a revolutionary)' leader deeply committed, as was {Martin Luther] King, to liberating the poor from the impoverishment, physical deprivation, and exclusion that denies all life in the face of the challenge to survive."

William F. Pepper in his book "An Act of State: the Execution of Martin Luther King"


"Through USAID and NED, and their "partner NGOs" and contractors, such as Freedom House, International Republican Institute, National Democratic Institute, Pan-American Development Foundation and Development Alternatives, Inc., hundreds of political groups, parties and programs are presently being funded in Venezuela to promote regime change against the Chávez government."

Eva Golinger, 2009


"The Israeli elite repeatedly criticise Hitler's actions against the Jews, and indeed Hitler's actions must be criticised, not just against the Jews but against the world. It's also fascism that Israel is doing to the Palestinian people ... terrorism and fascism."

Hugo Chavez