"Paul Kagame is possibly the greatest mass murderer alive today. The fact that Paul Kagame continues to live and work freely in the world, unthreatened by "international justice", celebrated as the Abe Lincoln of his war-torn domain in central Africa, and highly regarded and honored in the United States, Britain, and Canada, shows us unambiguously that when the events in Rwanda 1994 are at issue, things as fragile as truth and historical clarity are only able to survive as exiles from these powers."

Edward S. Herman and David Peterson, 2014


"Widely hailed as the person who ended the killings in Rwanda in 1994, Rwandan President Paul Kagame is probably the individual most responsible for the mass slaughter. His RPF invaded Rwanda from Uganda, engaged in a great deal of killing and blew up the presidential plane, an event that unleashed the genocidal violence."

Yves Engler, 2017


"The genocide in Rwanda was one hundred percent the responsibility of the Americans.
The U.S. effort to prevent the effective deployment of a UN force for Rwanda succeeded, with the strong support of Britain."

former United Nations Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, 1998


"The civil war in Rwanda was a brutal struggle for political power between the Hutu-led Habyarimana government supported by France and the Tutsi Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) backed financially and militarily by Washington. Ethnic rivalries were used deliberately in the pursuit of geopolitical objectives.
... Major General Paul Kagame personally ordered the shooting down of Rwandan President Habyarimana's plane with a view to taking control of the country. He was fully aware that the assassination of Habyarimana would unleash a genocide against Tutsi civilians. RPA (Rwanda Patriotic Army) forces had been fully deployed in Kigali at the time the ethnic massacres took place and did not act to prevent it from happening.
... Kagame was an instrument of Washington. The loss of African lives did not matter. The Rwandan civil war and the ethnic massacres were an integral part of US foreign policy, carefully staged in accordance with precise strategic and economic objectives.
... By supporting the build up of Ugandan and Rwandan forces and by directly intervening in the Congolese civil war, Washington also bears a direct responsibility for the ethnic massacres committed in the Eastern Congo."

Michel Chossudovsky


"The Paul Kagame military machine - backed by the US, U.K., Canada, Germany and Israel - is one of Congo's greatest enemies. Kagame was one of the original 27 soldiers to launch the guerrilla war in Uganda, 1980, alongside now President-for-life Yoweri Museveni. Kagame soon became the head of Museveni's dreaded Internal Security Organization, and he was directly involved in tortures, massacres and other human rights atrocities during the Museveni regime's consolidation of power.
In October 1990 Kagame returned from training at the US Army base at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas to lead the Ugandan People's Defense Forces (UPDF) illegal invasion of Rwanda. The US military and its partners backed the invasion, just as they backed the invasion of Congo in 1996."

Keith Harmon Snow, 2009


"Human rights groups played an ugly role in the mass killings in Rwanda. Major organizations like Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International as a matter of policy ignore the crime of aggression and focus on war crimes carried out in the wake of aggressions, as they did in the cases of the U.S. attacks on Yugoslavia and Iraq. This is very convenient for the United States, given its prolific record of aggression in recent decades."

Edward S. Herman


"Bill Clinton was behind the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Millions of Congolese believe this."

Professor Yaa-Lengi, New York-based Coalition for Peace, Justice and Democracy


"Re-education camps. Networks of spies on the streets. Routine surveillance of the entire population. The crushing of the independent media and all political opposition. A ruler who changes the constitution to extend his power after ruling for two decades. It sounds like North Korea, or the totalitarian days of China under Mao. But this is the African nation of Rwanda - a long-time favourite of Western governments."

Yves Engler, 2017


"After I got home from Rwanda, and the years slowly revealed to me the extent of the cynical maneuvering by France, Belgium, the United States among others, I couldn't help but feel that we were a sort of diversion, even sacrificial lambs, that permitted statesmen to say that the world was doing something to stop the killing. In fact we were nothing more than camouflage.
... To my mind, their [Western powers] crimes had made them inhuman, turned them into machines made of flesh that imitated the motions of being human."

former Lieutenant-General Romeo Dallaire who commanded the UN peacekeping force in Rwanda in 1993-1994


"The United States and its allies and the UN did not intervene to stop the bloodshed in Rwanda in 1994. They supported Paul Kagame at all times. And as he was on the road to victory and wanted no outside interference, the United States and the rest of the "international community" obliged him, viewing the huge bloodbath as acceptable "collateral damage," with hypocritical apologies to follow. But this policy went beyond non-intervention - Kagame was supported logistically and diplomatically, and the United States and its allies deliberately forced the reduction of UN troops as the mass killings escalated."

Edward S. Herman and David Peterson, 2014


"Paul Kagame was indicted on November 17, 2006 by then French magistrate in charge of counter-terrorism affairs Jean-Louis Bruguière. He is accused in the indictment of ordering the attack on the plane carrying then Rwandan President, Juvenal Habyarimana and his counterpart Cyprien Ntaryamira of Burundi."

Congo News Agency, 2008


"The Kagame government is immunized against prosecution thanks to their connections to top former Clinton and Bush officials. Kagame, with its foreign backers, has pursued an identical strategy in Congo as they did in Rwanda, 1990-1994. The goal is to destabilize the region, manufacture chaos, sue for peace while pursuing war, and use the UN 'peacekeeping' mission to aid the predatory agenda. The final solution is to permanently criminalize the Hutu majority and balkanize Congo."

Keith Harmon Snow


"Because President Paul Kagame's Rwanda crimes were covered-up by the U.S. in 1994, and because he was not prosecuted at the ICTR (International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda) for the assassination of the previous president in 1997, he has been free to rape the Congo of its riches and to massacre millions."

Peter Erlinder


"Paul Kagame's toll of victims, first in Rwanda and then in Zaire-DRC, runs into the millions, and exceeds that of Idi Amin by a factor of at least five. And yet, in one of the miracles of modern propaganda, Kagame became a savior-modernizer-moral giant for the U.S., U.K., and Canadian establishment to admire and exploit.This favorable portrayal of Kagame flows from the fact that he served U.S. and other powerful interests in the African Great Lakes region."

Edward S. Herman


"Major General Paul Kagame was an instrument of Washington. The loss of African lives did not matter. The civil war in Rwanda and the ethnic massacres were an integral part of US foreign policy, carefully staged in accordance with precise strategic and economic objectives."

F. William Engdahl


"Rwanda is an American proxy with a mission to keep Congolese minerals moving cheaply to Western-based mining companies."

John Lasker


"All members of the Security Council are benefiting from the resources of the Congo. The UN does only what the Security Council wants and by that we mean what the super powers want."

Professor Yaa-Lengi, New York-based Coalition for Peace, Justice and Democracy


"Between 1990 and 1994, the RPA [Rwandan Patriot Army] waged a systematic, pre-planned, secretive but highly organized terrorist war aimed at eliminating the largest number of Rwandan people possible-bodies were hacked to pieces and incinerated en masse. From 1994, once the RPA violently seized power, a terror regime was created, and developed, and a criminal structure parallel to the state was set up to pursue pre-determined kidnappings; torturing and raping of women and young girls; terrorist attacks (both directly and by simulating that the same had been perpetrated by the enemy); illegal detention of thousands of civilians; selective murdering; systematic elimination of corpses either by mass incineration or by throwing them into lakes and rivers; indiscriminate attacks against civilians based on pre-determined ethnic categories for the elimination of the predominant ethnic group; and also to carry out acts of war in Rwanda and Congo."

Keith Harmon Snow


"The Bush family and the House of Saud, the two most powerful dynasties in the world, have had close personal, business, and political ties for more than 20 years.
In the private sector, the Saudis supported Harken Energy, a struggling oil company in which George W. Bush was an investor. Most recently, former president George H. W. Bush and his longtime ally, former Secretary of State James A. Baker III, have appeared before Saudis at fundraisers for the Carlyle Group, arguably the biggest private equity firm in the world. Today, former president Bush continues to serve as a senior adviser to the firm, whose investors allegedly include a Saudi accused of ties to terrorist support groups...
Just days after 9/11, wealthy Saudi Arabians, including members of the bin Laden family, were whisked out of the U.S. on private jets. No one will admit to clearing the flights, and the passengers weren't questioned."

John Perkins


"The world market in weaponry, with total sales of $40 billion, grew 8 percent in 1996. Leading the list of buyers was Saudi Arabia at $9 billion. For several years that country has also led the list of countries that violate human rights. In 1996, says Amnesty International, "reports of torture and ill-treatment of detainees continued, and the judicial punishment of flogging was frequently imposed.
We never see, hear, or read anything about Saudi Arabia's atrocities in the media, the same media that tend to get quite worked up about human rights abuses in other Arab countries. Best friends are those who buy the most weapons. The U.S. arms industry wages a struggle against terrorism by selling weapons to terrorist governments whose only relation to human rights is to do all they can to trample them."

Eduardo Galeano, 1998


"The U.S. Treasury had established a secret accord with the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (SAMA). Under the terms of the agreement, a sizeable part of the huge new Saudi oil revenue windfall was to be invested in financing the U.S. government deficits. A young Wall Street investment banker was sent to Saudi Arabia to become the principal 'investment adviser' to SAMA; he was to guide the Saudi petrodollar investments to the correct banks, naturally in London and New York."

F. William Engdahl


"With 261 billion barrels of crude oil lying beneath its soil, Saudi Arabia remains the lynchpin in the international oil grab presided over by the Four Horsemen [Shell, Chevron. British Petroleum, Exxon].
... ARAMCO [Arabian American Oil Company] now controls over one-quarter of the world's crude oil reserves.
... As of 1990 ARAMCO produced over 8 million barrels of crude oil a day, ensuring the Saudi role as "swing producer". During the 1991 Gulf War ARAMCO underwent another expansion and now cranks out an unprecedented 10 million barrels a day."

Dean Henderson, 2005


"George H. W. Bush, the father of President Bush, works for the bin Laden family business in Saudi Arabia through the Carlyle Group, an international consulting firm."

Judicial Watch, 2001


"To compare Saudi Arabia's belligerent actions in Yemen to Nazi Germany's undeclared wars of aggression prior to WWII is no exaggeration. Likewise the failure of a corrupt UN to censure Saudi Arabia for its flagrant violation of international law, the Nuremberg Principles and the entire Geneva Convention."

Vanessa Beeley


"9/11 was a "black operation" that was carried out by a splinter cell of the United States government and intelligence agencies, in conjunction with Israel's Mossad, and financed by Saudi Arabia, in order to destabilize the Middle East and remove potential challenges to Israel and Saudi Arabia's control of the region."

Charlie Robinson


"The Saudi royal family, and especially the brand of religion that it believed in, the Wahabi faith, represented a tiny number of people in Saudi Arabia. So they used the strength they gained first from their deals with the British Empire and subsequently with the United States in order to preserve their stranglehold over their own people and to impose this particular religion on the people in Saudi Arabia, who really didn't share it."

Tariq Ali


"If Exxon pays Saudi Arabia $50 million, all that happens is that we debit Exxon and credit Saudi Arabia. The balance sheet of Citibank remains the same. And if they say they don't like American banks, they'll put it in Credit Suisse. All we do is charge Saudi Arabia and credit Credit Suisse. Our balance sheet remains the same. So when people run around waiting for the sky to fall there isn't any way that money can leave the system. It's a closed circuit."

Citibank Chairman Walter Wriston


"The United States balances its payments by secret agreements with Saudi Arabia to recycle petrodollars to the United States and to ensure that OPEC sales all over the world are denominated in U.S. dollars. These arrangements to ease pressure on the U.S. currency have helped, as an inevitable consequence, to create debt crises all over the Third World."

Peter Dale Scott


"Just days after the hijackers took off from Boston aiming for the Twin Towers, a special charter flight out of the same airport whisked 11 members of Osama's family off to Saudi Arabia."

BBC-TV's Newsnight (November 6, 2001)


"As early as June 8, 1974, in his capacity as U.S. secretary of state, Henry Kissinger had signed an agreement establishing a little-noted U.S.-Saudi Arabian Joint Commission on Economic Cooperation, whose official mandate included, among other projects, 'cooperation in the field of finance.'
... The U.S. Treasury had signed an agreement in Riyadh with the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency [SAMA], whose mission was 'to establish a new relationship through the Federal Reserve Bank of New York with the [U.S.] Treasury borrowing operation. Under this arrangement, SAMA will purchase new US Treasury securities.
F. William Engdahl
The price of oil suddenly quadrupled in 1974. That highly suspicious rise occurred soon after an oil deal was engineered by U.S. interests with the royal family of Saudia Arabia, the largest oil producer in OPEC (the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries). The deal was brokered by U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. It involved an agreement by OPEC to sell oil only for dollars in return for a secret U.S. agreement to arm Saudi Arabia and keep the House of Saud in power. The U.S. dollar, which had formerly been backed by gold, was now "backed" by oil."

Ellen Hodgson Brown


"Saudi Arabia now boasts the highest per capita defense spending in the world. In 1984 alone the Saudis spent $22.7 billion on US weaponry. The Saudis have elaborate military assistance arrangements with Pakistan, whereby the Saudis send Karachi aid in return for the services of Pakistani military units."

Dean Henderson, 2005


"The Bush administration continues to support a fundamentalist and authoritarian regime in Saudi Arabia while refusing to support the Palestinians' right to statehood until they create a democratic political system based upon 'tolerance and liberty'."

Stephen Zunes


"The fact is that when totalitarian nations like Saudi Arabia play ball with U.S. business interests, we like them just fine. But when Venezuela's freely elected president threatens powerful corporate interests, the Bush administration treats him as an enemy."

Los Angeles Times columnist Robert Scheer, 2005


"Right after World War II, building on the so-called Quincy Agreements with Saudi Arabia in 1945, the United States moved to dominate a global system for the production and distribution of oil. Starting with the Truman Doctrine in 1946, U.S. geostrategic thinking was oil based. What began as a strategy for containment of the Soviet Union has become more and more nakedly a determination to control the oil resources of the world."

Peter Dale Scott


"We worked out a deal whereby the House of Saud would reinvest petrodollars in U.S. treasury securities.
Part of the agreement also was for Saudi Arabia to maintain the price of oil at a level acceptable to us and we would agree to keep the House of Saud in power."

John Perkins


"The current strength of the dollar is supported by OPEC's requirement, secured by a secret agreement between the U. S. and Saudi Arabia, that all OPEC sales be denominated in dollars."

Peter Dale Scott, 2003


"A transformational company of the nineties, manned by prominent figures from the departing Bush administration-George H. W Bush himself and Secretary of State James A. Baker Ill - was the Carlyle Group, partly funded by rich Saudi investors. Military and Pentagon contractors were conspicuous on the list of Carlyle subsidiaries. One was the Vinnell Corporation, close to the CIA, which held contracts to train the security and internal police forces of countries including Saudi Arabia."

Kevin Phillips


"Our assignment was twofold: to formulate a strategy to ensure that OPEC would funnel the billions of dollars we spent on oil back to U.S. companies and to establish a new "oil standard" that would replace the former "gold standard."
... As far as the media was concerned, the House of Saud agreed to three important conditions; it would: 1) invest a large portion of its petrodollars in U.S. government securities; 2) allow the U.S. Treasury Department to use the trillions of dollars in interest from these securities to hire U.S. corporations to westernize Saudi Arabia; and 3) maintain the price of oil within limits acceptable to the corporatocracy. For its part, the U.S. government promised to keep the Saud family in power.
There was an additional agreement, one that made few headlines but was crucial to the corporatocracy's need to maintain the dollar as the standard global currency. Saudi Arabia committed to trading oil exclusively in U.S. dollars. With the scratch of a pen, the dollar's sovereignty was reestablished. Oil replaced gold as the measure of a currency's value."

John Perkins


"Earlier this month, the Guardian, a U.K. newspaper, reported that FBI agents had been told by the Bush administration to back off investigating members of the bin Laden clan living in the U.S. In September, the Wall Street Journal documented the lucrative business connections between the bin Laden family and senior U.S. Republicans, including the president's father, George Bush Sr.
What are we to make of all this? One possible conclusion is that the bin Laden terror problem was allowed to get out of hand because bin Laden, himself, had powerful protectors in both Washington and Saudi Arabia."

Toronto Star newspaper, 2001


"The dollar's current strength is supported by the requirement of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), secured originally by a secret agreement between the United States and Saudi Arabia, that all OPEC oil sales be denominated in dollars."

Peter Dale Scott


"A revolutionary government in Yemen would be highly antagonistic towards America's trusted Saudi proxy state would be a threat to America's interests throughout the entire Middle East."

Andrew Gavin Marshall


"George H W Bush and George Schultz pressured the kingdom of Saudi Arabia to turn on the oil spigot in early 1986 and flood the world with cheap oil. That succeeded brilliantly from the standpoint of this U.S. strategy. It bankrupted thousands of small independent oil companies across the United States, but for Rockefeller, Standard Oil, BP, Shell and so forth that simply rid them of small competition and allowed them to buy up their oil assets on the cheap."

F. William Engdahl


"Wahhabism is a radical form of Islam only practiced in Saudi Arabia and by the Afghan Taliban."

Dean Henderson, 2005


"In March 2015, Saudi Arabia, while enjoying the support of the United States and Britain, without any approval by the UN Security Council, unleashed an armed aggression against Yemen.
Saudi Arabia introduced an economic blockade against Yemen, thus inflicting unspeakable suffering upon the peaceful population of Yemen. That is why Riyadh should be held responsible for tens of thousands of civilian deaths caused by malnutrition.
... Of the 27 million people living in Yemen, almost 20 million people experience an acute shortage of food, which means they are being starved to death."

Martin Berger


"France has joined with Israel and with Saudi Arabia in quashing the true Arab spring, deciding who does and does not stay in power in Syria or Libya and finally in scuttling any chance for a nuclear power agreement with Iran. The Saudis and the French are equal opportunity crooks. The Saudis will give the French the right to build nuclear power plants there, the French sell the Saudis armaments and voila, a deal between two devils."

Margaret Kimberley


"Saudi Arabia and Israel have a shared agenda to shape the Middle East to their liking even if it means using violence and terrorism to bring the region to the brink of war.
... The United States and Israel want the Middle East dominated by Arab dictators, who can control the Sunni faithful through petrol dollars and the Saudi royal's promotion and financing of Wahabism, an extreme form of Islam."

Richard Walker


"While the U.S. is not leading the fight in Yemen, it has ardently backed the war's aggressor - Saudi Arabia - from the beginning and has supplied the Saudis with billions of dollars in weapons, as well as occasionally bombed locations in Yemen to aid their Gulf allies.
In addition, the U.S. has turned a blind eye to the Saudis' numerous war crimes in Yemen, despite the enormity of the tragedy unfolding there, including blocking aid shipments and consequently triggering widespread famine. The U.S. has been eager to see Saudi influence continue in Yemen - as it was prior to the conflict - due to Yemen's location, which grants it control over the strategic strait of Bab al-Mandab, a chokepoint for the Saudi oil trade."

Whitney Webb


"Saudi Arabia's deep complicity in terrorism gets a "never mind" from the Deep State's leadership. The kingdom's role as a leading producer of fossil fuels is not the only thing that gives it immunity from official censure. It is worth considering what the kingdom does with all those dollars (estimated at $ 405 billion during 2014) that it accumulates from its oil sales. The kingdom dutifully recycles its huge petrodollar overhang back into U.S. investments, buys U.S. Treasuries, and stocks up every few years with multibillion-dollar weapons purchases. In short, the feudal tyrants of the Arabian Peninsula are one of the bevel gears that make the whole global money machine function."

Mike Lofgren


"Out of the Al Qaeda in Iraq, the Pentagon and CIA created a new, far larger Jihadist killing machine - ISIS. Its purpose was to create the preconditions needed to bring US military troops back into Iraq, into Syria, Lebanon and beyond, and to remove Russia's ally Assad in Damascus.
... The key fighters of ISIS were trained by CIA and US Special Forces Command at a secret camp in Jordan in 2012. Saudi Arabia and Qatar financed the Jordan ISIS training."

F. William Engdahl


"Of the $66.3 billion in U.S. overseas arms sales in 2011, over half, or $33.4 billion, consisted of sales to Saudi Arabia. Saudi arms sales reflect an agreement between the two countries to offset the flow of U.S. dollars to pay for Saudi oil. The wealth of the two nations, the United States and Saudi Arabia, has become more and more interdependent."

Peter Dale Scott